Physiological Impact of Afterload Reduction on Cardiac Mechanics and Coronary Hemodynamics Following Isosorbide Dinitrate Administration in Ischemic Heart Disease

T Patterson, S Rivolo, D Burkhoff, J Schreuder, N Briceno, C Allen, R Williams, S Arri, KN Asrress, J Joseph, HZR McConkey, H Ellis, A Pavlidis, B Clapp, D Perera, J Lee, MS Marber and SR Redwood
J Cardiovasc Transl Res 2021

Understanding the cardiac-coronary interaction is fundamental to developing treatment strategies for ischemic heart disease. We sought to examine the impact of afterload reduction following isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) administration on LV properties and coronary hemodynamics to further our understanding of the cardiac-coronary interaction. Novel methodology enabled real-time simultaneous acquisition and analysis of coronary and LV hemodynamics in vivo using coronary pressure-flow wires (used to derive coronary wave energies) and LV pressure-volume loop assessment. ISDN administration resulted in afterload reduction, reduced myocardial demand, and increased mechanical efficiency (all P<0.01). Correlations were demonstrated between the forward compression wave (FCW) and arterial elastance (r=0.6) following ISDN. In the presence of minimal microvascular resistance, coronary blood flow velocity exhibited an inverse relationship with LV elastance. In summary this study demonstrated a reduction in myocardial demand with ISDN, an inverse relationship between coronary blood flow velocity and LV contraction-relaxation and a direct correlation between FCW and arterial elastance.

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